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Boat Insurance Survey Dubai

Boat Insurance Survey Dubai

Certificate of approval and Certificate of Seaworthiness

Please note some issuing authorities refer to a C of A as:

• A certificate of transportation;
• A survey certificate; or
• A towage certificate;

It depends upon the nature of the operation to which it applies

These documents are not the same thing and must not be thought to have any equivalence in fact or status. In marine law, especially in terms of vessel insurance cover and cargo insurance and the carriage of cargoes seaworthiness is a state in which the vessel must remain throughout a given period of time or a given voyage. The vessel and cargo must be fit to withstand “all the normal perils of the sea”.

If during the course of a voyage, some accident occurs which adversely affects this required state of seaworthiness, the vessel may be put into a port or place and undergo repairs. When the repairs are complete and the voyage is resumed, it is not unusual for the vessel to obtain a certificate of seaworthiness, which confirms that the vessel or cargo is once again in fit state to continue. The vessel and cargo owners and respective underwriters are thereby assured that their assets have the degree of protection required by both fact and law. Such certificates are issued by classification society surveyors, protection and indemnity club surveyors, local surveyors at the place of repair recommended by Lloyd’s (insurance market) agents or surveyors approved by them.

A CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL on the other hand is issued at the beginning of a voyage or operation and seaworthiness, in both its narrow legal and in a more general sense is one of the preconditions for the issue of such a certificate. The basis on which a C of A is issued is the fitness of the vessel or the operation to begin and execute the operation under the special conditions applied by the warranty survey company in addition to the ability to “withstand the normal perils of the sea” as they affect that vessel or operation. Therefore, any deterioration in the seaworthy state of the vessels or operation to which the certificate applies will make the certificate terms invalid. The “conditions” attached to a C of A, which often require certain things to be done or complied with should not conflict with the required seaworthy condition. If during the course of an operation for which a C of A has been issued, the vessel(s) suffer damage and they become unseaworthy then the conditions on which the C of A was issued may no longer apply.

As an example, a valuable cargo is loaded on a barge for tow from A to B. If the C of A specifies a particular route and the tugmaster takes a short cut, the C of A may thereby be invalidated and this may affect the insurance cover for the cargo even though both the tug and barge, remain seaworthy. If an accident occurs which damages the tug or barge during the course of taking the short cut then the underwriters of the cargo may avoid their liability in part or whole not least because damage to the tug or barge may make either unseaworthy and, therefore, invalidate the principal condition under which the C of A was issued.

Many C of As are claused with the words “this document is not a certificate of seaworthiness” in order to protect the issuer of the C of A and to remind the holder that he must not use it as evidence of seaworthiness in the future or during the course of the voyage for which he holds the C of A.

Grounds on which a Certificate of approval can be with held

A C of A may be withheld if, in the” opinion of the attending surveyor or his base office (after consultation with and advice from their surveyor), they consider that the underwriter’s risk is compromised.
The examples show what constitutes grounds for withholding the certificate, broken down into categories of vessel. This is not a comprehensive list.

Jack-up barge – preparing to move from one location to another (field move):

1. Storm force weather forecast within 48 hours or less which will obviously hazard the  vessel.

2. Deficiency or defect in watertight integrity which violates the load line certificate conditions.

3. Calculated afloat stability condition exceeding allowable conditions as laid down in the operations manual.

4. Deficiency or defect in the towing gear which might hazard the vessel.

5. Cargo so poorly secured as to hazard the vessel.

6. Damage or defect to the jacking machinery or leg structure such that its ability to operate efficiently is in doubt.

7. Geological or formation condition at next or proposed new location which obviously hazards the vessel when loaded with the vessel’s weight (punch through risk).

8. Defect in towing vessel which results in it being considered unsuitable for the work of towing the jack-up.

Towing vessel – proposed vessel surveyed prior to use for a’job:

1.  Defective steering, propulsion or winch system which seriously affects the ability of the vessel to operate
efficiently and perform the task envisaged.

2.  Insufficient fuel, water or lubricating oil to perform the contemplated voyage.

3.  Hull damage or defect affecting watertight integrity to the point where the load line certificate may be considered  invalid.

4.  Lack of a spare towline by b.

5.  Towline or lines so damaged or defective as to be considered unsuitable to carry out the proposed tow.

6.  Inexperience of the master and crew which in the surveyor’s opinion makes them unsuitable for performing the work.

7.  Lack of navigational equipment or communication equipment such that the vessel is “unseaworthy”.

8.  Insufficient power to perform the task envisaged based on criteria set for that tow.

Cargo barge and load:

1.  Damage or defect to the barge structure which is so serious as to compromise its watertight integrity to the point  where the load line certificate is invalidated.

2.  Defect or damage to the towing gear so as to render it unsuitable for the voyage.

3.  Insufficient intact stability as indicated on the “as loaded” calculations.

4.  Cargo insufficiently secured or so poorly secured as to .be. a hazard when subjected to the “design storm” loads.

5.  Barge overloaded beyond its statutory load line.

Please fill in the form on the right side for more information about

Boat Insurance Survey Dubai

Boat Inspection surveyors Dubai

Boat Inspection surveyors dubai.

The following is by no means a comprehensive list of items that Constellation Marine’s inspector should visually check:

 (a)  The surveyors Towing Gear

Visually inspect the sections of tow wire visible on the towing winch and spare wire reel. Inspect the end thimbles, shackles, pennants, gog wires and gog system components, towing springs and other working wires, including tuggers and small gear. Carefully inspect gear lockers and tow gear stores.

(b)  Ancillary Gear

Visually inspect items such as pelican hooks, grapples, chasing hooks, stoppers, hand tools, cutting gear (oxyacetylene) and look for spare bottles and length of torch hoses. Inspect welding plant, portable pumps and generators.

(c)  Towing Machinery

Constellation Marine’s inspector inspects the machinery for obvious damage, signs of adequate greasing and maintenance. If the machinery is hydraulic, how much spare oil is available. If driven by auxiliary machinery (diesel engine) are there sufficient spares for repair or interchangeability of spares between engines doing other duty. Inspect band brake linings for wear down, feel for excessive ridging on bull gear teeth. Inspect emergency/manual controls for signs of regular use. Ask for towing pins, shark’s jaw etc. to be operated, also capstans, lead dollies etc. Note the methods, rigging needed to disconnect, reconnect tow wire bitter end and the rigging required to spool on spare tow wire – how long would it take?

(d)  Working Deck Area

Constellation Marine’s inspector carefully examines the roller at the stern for obvious damage by anchors etc., which might cut tow wire chafing on it. Similarly, examine stem gates, chafing bars and crash bars in way of the tow wire to find any points where the tow wire might be damaged if it chafed on them.

Boat Surveyors Notes the securing arrangements of hatches on the main deck level and the condition of watertight doors and closing devices into the quarters block and engine room at main deck level. The access hatches to rig chain lockers are to be properly secured as must be the chain pipe closures.

He examines wooden/steel areas for general condition and security. Overside, notes if tyre fenders are properly secured.

At the vessel’s quarters, if fitted with portable dolly pins do the pins exist and would they fit the holes provided?


Boat inspection dubai

At the Bow

Constellation Marine’s inspector examines the windlass and judge its condition.

(f)  Inspection of Boat Mooring Ropes

Constellation Marine’s inspector checks if the mooring ropes cared for and in reasonable condition.

(g)  Machinery Spares

Constellation Marine’s inspector notes the hours run on both main and auxiliary machinery and questions the engineer on when overhauls were done. The engineer is asked to show the main and auxiliary engine spares and ascertain if sufficient are on hand – at least to class requirements.

Constellation Marine’s looks for obvious signs of machinery which are damaged or inoperative and find out why and what was being done about it. In the workshop, he looks for adequate tools and equipment. If the vessel has to use disposable filter cartridges for fuel filtration, how many may be available? Do fuel and lub oil purifiers exist?

If the main engines run on fresh water jacket cooling systems, the Constellation Marine’s inspector checks if there are adequate stocks of water and chemical treatment. If necessary, or thought desirable, he asks to have the main and auxiliary machinery powered up. He listens to it and asks for it to be operated. He examine bilges, tunnels, wells, steering flats etc for cleanliness and signs of adequate maintenance.

(h)  Bridge Area

The condition of the main controls is best judged by seeing the boat operated. Obvious signs of machinery/equipment removed in bits, inoperative or missing are prompt questions concerning the reasons why.

Constellation Marine’s inspector notes the readings and gauges on winch controls, for example, tension meters on the towing winch control station, which show say 50 tonnes when nothing is connected and the machinery is not in use. This prompts a query.

He notes any obvious control layout faults which may hinder or affect the boat’s performance.

An example would be the fact that the manual engine and thruster controls are offset to one side of the aft control station, the boat normally being controlled by a PosCon Box mounted in the centre line next to the winch controls. If the PosCon becomes inoperative, then two men will be needed to operate the boat.

On modem boats, remote control TV cameras provide the master with pictures of the towing winch drums. If these fail, the winch may have to be worked blind.

(i)    Other Topics

Constellation Marine’s inspector questions the master concerning the method of towline control. For example, if the anchor handling drum is used as the aft gogwire control, can the towing drum and anchor handling drum be operated simultaneously. If not, what method is used?

If towing wire protection sleeves or shoes are not fitted, what is the master’s policy regarding dealing with chafe?

He tries to find out how much work the tow wire has done, miles towed, time installed, examination, end for ending etc. Also tries to ascertain the master’s own preparations for normal emergencies such as towline breakage. For example, does he have spare sockets, bulldog grips, socketing materials for reterminating the main tow gear? He questions the master about his food and water endurance and the date of the next scheduled crew change. These factors may seriously affect performance of the boat and its crew.

(j)    Other Equipment

Constellation Marine’s inspector surveyor looks at the lifeboats, life rafts, work boat and rescue boat if carried, for obvious damage. He assesses the suitability of any boats the tug carries for use at sea in rescue, transfer of personnel or equipment etc. In this respect, launching and recovery arrangements are as important as the sea-keeping ability of the craft.

He also looks also at the firefighting/emergency equipment, including rocket lines.



Marine Surveyor Dubai | Terms And Conditions


 Standard terms & conditions for surveyors & consultants

 1. Definitions

 “Surveyor”/”Consultant” is the Surveyor/Consultant trading under these conditions.

“Client” is the party at whose request or on whose behalf the Surveyor/Consultant undertakes surveying services.

“Report” means any report or statement supplied by the Surveyor/Consultant in connection with instructions received from the Client.

“Disbursements” means the cost of all reasonable photography, reproduction of drawings, diagrams, sketches and printing, duplicating and, where applicable, electronic transmission fees, and all reasonable and appropriate expenses including travel, subsistence and hotel accommodation where an overnight stay is necessary.

“Fees” means the fees charged by the Surveyor/Consultant to the Client and including any value added tax where applicable and any Disbursements.

 2. Scope

The Surveyor/Consultant shall provide its services solely in accordance with these terms and conditions.

3. Work

The Client will set out in writing the services which it requires the Surveyor/Consultant to provide. The Surveyor/Consultant will confirm in writing that it accepts those instructions or alternatively what services it will perform in connection with the Client’s instructions. Once the Surveyor/Consultant and the Client have agreed what services are to be performed (the Services) any subsequent changes or additions must be agreed by both parties in writing.

 4. Payment

The Client shall pay the Surveyor/Consultant’s Fees punctually in accordance with these Conditions and in any event not later than 30 days following the relevant invoice date, or in such other manner as may have been agreed in writing between the parties. Any delay in payment shall entitle the Surveyor/Consultant to interest at 8% above the Base Lending Rate of the Bank of England prevailing at the time of default.

5. Obligations and Responsibilities

(a)   Client: The Client undertakes to ensure that full instructions are given to the Surveyor/Consultant and are provided in sufficient time to enable the required Services to be performed effectively and efficiently and to procure all necessary access for the Surveyor/Consultant to goods, premises, vessels, installations and transport and to ensure that all appropriate safety measures are taken to provide safe and secure working conditions. The Surveyor/Consultant shall not be liable for the consequences of late, incomplete, inadequate, inaccurate or ambiguous instructions.

(b)   Surveyor: The Surveyor/Consultant shall use reasonable care and skill in the performance of the services in accordance with sound marine surveying/consulting practice.

(c)    Reporting: The Surveyor/Consultant shall submit a final written Report to the Client following completion of the agreed Services describing the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s findings and the condition and/or quality of the object and/or purpose of the assignment, unless otherwise expressly instructed by the Client not to do so.

(d)   Confidentiality: The Surveyor/Consultant undertakes not to disclose any information provided in confidence by the Client to any third party and will not permit access to such information by any third party unless the Client expressly grants permission save where required to do so by an order of a competent court of law.

(e)   Property: The right of ownership in respect of all original work created by the Surveyor/Consultant remains the property of the Surveyor/Consultant.

(f)     Conflict of Interest/Qualification: The Surveyor/Consultant shall promptly notify the Client of any matter including conflict of interest or lack of suitable qualifications and experience, which would render it undesirable for the Surveyor/Consultant to continue its involvement with the appointment. The Client shall be responsible for payment of the Surveyor/Consultant’s Fees up to the date of notification.

6. Liability

 (a)   Without prejudice to Clause 7, the Surveyor/Consultant shall be under no liability whatsoever to the Client for any loss, damage, delay or expense of whatsoever nature, whether direct or indirect and howsoever arising UNLESS same is proved to have resulted solely from the negligence, gross negligence or wilful default of the Surveyor/Consultant or any of its employees or agents or sub-contractors.

(b)   In the event that the Client proves that the loss, damage, delay or expense suffered was caused by the negligence, gross negligence or wilful default of the Surveyor/Consultant aforesaid, then, save where loss, damage, delay or expense has resulted from the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s personal act or omission committed with the intent to cause same or recklessly and with knowledge that such loss, damage, delay or expense would probably result, the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s liability for each incident or series of incidents giving rise to a claim or claims shall never exceed a sum calculated on the basis of ten times the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s charges 2times or GBP 2,000 whichever is the greater.

(c)    Without prejudice to (a) and (b) above, the Surveyor/Consultant shall not be liable for loss of or damage to physical equipment and property placed at its disposal by, or on behalf, of the Client however such loss or damage occurs, unless such loss or damage was caused by act or omission committed with intent to cause some or recklessly with knowledge that such loss or damage would probably result.

7. Indemnity

 Except to the extent and solely for the amount therein set out that the Surveyor/Consultant would be liable under Clause 6, the Client hereby undertakes to keep the Surveyor/Consultant and its employees, agents and sub-contractors indemnified and to hold them harmless against all actions, proceedings, claims, demands or liabilities whatsoever or howsoever arising which may be brought against them or incurred or suffered by them, and against and in respect of all costs, loss, damages and expenses (including, but not limited to, legal costs and expenses on a full indemnity basis) which the Surveyor/Consultant may suffer or incur (either directly or indirectly) in the course of the Services under these Conditions.

8. Force Majeure

The Surveyor/Consultant and/or the Client shall not, except as otherwise provided in these Conditions, be responsible or have any liability for any loss, damage, delay or failure in performance hereunder arising or resulting from act of God (including, but not limited to earthquake, flood, tsunami, volcano, hurricane, tropical storm, cyclone, blizzard or other similar event), act of war, terrorist attack, nuclear contamination, seizure under legal process, epidemic quarantine restrictions, strikes, boycotts, lockouts, riots, civil commotions and arrest or restraint of princes, rulers or people. Following a force majeure event either party may serve notice on the other to terminate the agreement.

9. Insurance

The Surveyor/Consultant shall effect and maintain, at no cost to the Client, Professional Liability Insurance for such loss and damage for which the Surveyor/Consultant may be held liable to the Client under these terms and conditions.

10. Surveyor’s/ Consultant’s Right to Sub-contract

The Surveyor/Consultant shall have the right to sub-contract any of the services provided under the Conditions, subject to the Client’s right to object on reasonable grounds. In the event of such a sub-contract the Surveyor/Consultant shall remain fully liable for the due performance of its obligations under these Conditions.

11. Time Bar

Any claims against the Surveyor/Consultant by the Client shall be deemed to be waived and absolutely time barred upon the expiry of one year from the submission date of the Report to the Client.

12. Jurisdiction and Law

These Conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and any dispute shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.

Marine Surveyor Dubai | Contact Us

We are strategically located at key shipping areas around the globe with Head Quarters in Dubai and Corporate office in the U.K. and branch offices in Fujairah, Abu Dhabi and Associate offices in L.A., Perth and S.A. (Cape Town, Durban). The U.K. office is at the marine Business hub of Liverpool Street area (Zone 2) of London; Our Dubai office is overlooking the world famous tallest building “Burj Khalifa” in the Business Bay area of Dubai; Abu Dhabi office is strategically located in the famous Emirate Towers at 5 minutes driving distance to the Abu Dhabi port; Outside the main Fujairah port is our Branch office at Fujairah.

All our offices are headed by either a Master Mariner or an Experienced Marine Engineer. Speed of response to an inquiry or an instruction are Constellations’ biggest virtues.

marine surveyor dubai | Dubai

Captain Zarir I. (Partner)

Constellation Marine Services LLC
The Citadel, No. 806, Business Bay
Dubai, UAE
P. Box – 191105/251843,
Tel:    +971 4 4232884
Fax:    +971 4 4232894
After office Hrs H.P.    +971 50 8979103
Res Tel:    +971 4 2885712
Fax:     +971 4 4234894


Mr. Julien Gressier
(Jr. Partner)

Capt. John Noble

Constellation Marine Services
2 Austin Street
(off Shorditch High street)
London E2 7NB.
Office: +44 207 7396510
Fax:    +44 207 7392263
Mobile: +44 7876211489 (Julien Grassier)
Mobile: +44 7785226553 (Capt. John Noble)


Ms. Lee, (Branch Co-coordinator)
Address: 10 Anson Road, No. 27/13,
International Plaza,
Singapore (079903)
Telephone:   (65)6223 3071
Mobile: (65) 9698 1519
Fax: (65)6223 3076


Captain S. Sundar (Branch Manager)
(Master Mariner – Tankers)
Mr Jacob Jackson
(Asst. Branch Manager, Fujairah)

Constellation Marine Services
Al Maha Tower, 1st Floor # 103
Shwais Street, Opposite Port of Fujairah
P. Box 9071
Tel: +971 9 2236344
Fax: +971 9 2236343
A.O.H.: +971 56 1421168/+971 50 1527939

Abu Dhabi

Constellation Marine Services
Emirates Tower, No. 224/225, Hamdan Street,
Abu Dhabi, UAE
P. Box 27818
Tel: +971 2 6713320
Fax: +971 2 6713325
Email: Email:

Marine surveyor dubai | Team

Captain Zarir Irani                             +971 508979103
Captain S. Sundar                               +971 561421168
Capt. Diptiman Guha                         +971 551158694
Chartered Engineer Shenoy              +971 501726940
Engineer Aloysius Soares                  +971 501405188
Engineer Sameer Damle                   +971 509026130
Mr. Jos Roy                                          +971 501889614
Mr. Jacob Jackson                              +971 501527939
Mr. Farooq Shedde                             +971 501889613
Mr. Suneeh                                           +971 506518843
Mr. Joshi                                               +971 507348621
Mr. Thilina                                            +971 529815089
Mr. Malik                                               +971 529815049

Marine Surveyor Dubai | Our Team


























Marine Surveyor Dubai | About Us

Constellation Marine Services

Marine Surveyor Dubai

Constellation is an International Ship and Marine Consultancy/Survey firm with offices in UK, UAE, USA, Australia and INDIA, specializing in Yacht, Ship and cargo inspections for principles, insurance companies and charterers.

By mid of 2013 Constellation was running a count of 6500+ instructions, holding a vast knowledge base and expertise of claims, loss adjusting, valuations and a seasoned team of Marine Engineers and Master Mariners.

Please fill in the form on the right side for more information about constellation marine services.

marine surveyor dubai | Speed Of Response Being Constellations Biggest Virtue

Training is of utmost importance as a corporate culture. Our professional team members have an average of 18 years+ of expertise in their field and have access to data base & resources of archived files & folders of our past assignments.

Our UAE offices are strategically, located near the port premises on the Eastern coast enabling response in 15 minutes and centrally on the western coast allowing accessibility to major UAE Ports with 30 minutes to an hour.

Team members being accredited by 3 flag states including holding a UAE license issued by N.T.A (National Transport Authority) is an endorsement of trust and professionalism that forms the core ethos of this organization and is transcended to each member of our staff.

Please fill in the form on the right side for more information about constellation marine services.

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“Capt. Zarir Irani Presenting ‘Facts v/s Assumptions’ at Mumbai conference”

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