vessel surveying may be requested for a number of reasons and from a varied clientele in the shipping industry. The condition of a vessel is of paramount importance especially with respect to the marine insurance industry and more particularly, for hull and machinery underwriters as well as for protection and indemnity associations.
The requirements for these surveys are basically similar in that there is a requirement to establish the condition of the vessel at the time of survey prior to it being covered for insurance or for entry into a protection and indemnity association. However, the emphasis on certain aspects with respect to the vessel and for that matter, the owners / operator of that vessel during vessel surveying, will vary from H and M underwriter to P&I association.
Therefore, when an appointment for a condition survey has been made, our Marine surveyor shall call for the client’s specific requirements, guidelines and report format if applicable.
The condition vessel surveys possibly the most prevalent are those that are carried out for and on behalf of protection and indemnity associations (i.e. P and I clubs).
Protection and Indemnity Insurance of vessel surveying in dubai
In basic terms, protection and indemnity insurance, or “P&I Cover” as it is known in the industry, is a ship owner’s insurance cover for legal liabilities to third parties.
The members of such P&I clubs are principally ship owners or charterers and, in simple terms, these members agree to share their risks relating to the claims that they may face.
P&I Club Requirements for a Condition Survey of vessel
These P&I clubs have established “rules” to which the members have to abide to satisfy their cover and there is normally a requirement for managers of the club to arrange for a condition survey to be carried out on ship’s entered with the association.
Preparation for a P and I Condition Survey of Vessel
Our Marine Surveyor usually receives the instructions directly from the P&I club during vessel surveying with the club informing the owner or member of their intention to inspect the vessel during vessel surveying and provide them with the name and contact details of the attending surveyor.
Club’s prefers to inspect the vessel when it is cargo free and thus the surveyor will have to liase with the owner’s representative or local port agent, in order to attend at the most appropriate time.
Constellation Marine surveyor is instructed to report any major defects or deficiencies that may affect the insurance cover prior to the vessel departing from the inspection port and timeously in order to provide the owners or member with an opportunity to rectify the problem. In some instances, instructions may be received to follow-up any repairs or rectification to these defects and deficiencies.
Our Engineer surveyor or Master Mariner will continue to liaise with the agent with respect to the ETA in order that he can attend as soon as the vessel berths. In preparation, the attending surveyor will familiarize himself with the specific requirements for that particular association (i.e. peruse the guidelines to surveyors as well as the survey format).
This condition survey will assist the managers of the P&I club to determine whether the vessel conforms to the standards laid down in their Rules and whether or not she is suitable for entry into the association. The object of the inspection is to identify any defects and deficiencies, which may cause exposure to potential P&I liability claims.
P&I clubs do vary with respect to their specific requirements and survey format but all are concerned with the same third party type liability risks that they may be exposed to with respect to, or from, seamen, passengers, third parties, stowaways, deviation, life-salvage, collision, pollution, removal of wreck,
towage, quarantine, the carriage of cargo and associated risks. It is therefore required that the vessel condition survey will cover aspects relating to the above.
The format of reporting and content differs from club to club but all do cover areas that are common to all types of vessels, i.e. hull, machinery, class, safety, navigation, cargo worthiness, pollution and shipboard management. There are also specific requirements for the individual type of vessel, i.e. general cargo tween deckers, bulk carriers, oil tankers, gas carriers, refrigerated cargo carriers, container ships.